With carved horn hilt and characteristic finger guard.
31.2 cm overall
5 mm at base
Iron, báitóng, horn
18th or 19th century
From a UK private collector
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When thinking about Sinhalese knives, the first that usually comes to mind is the very ornate knives from the Four Workshops of the King of Kandy. Old practical Sinhalese knives are a lot less common, mainly because so few of them were cherished enough to survive.
Here we have an interesting example of a Sinhalese fighting dagger called kirichchiya. It has a nicely shaped blade with a clipped tip which is concave in profile and beveled. It has a thick staged ricasso with file-work. A curious feature is the index finger guard that projects from the base of the blade.
The hilt is made of horn, its pommel is shaped like a stylized bird’s head, a sérapéṅdiya, a Sinhalese mythical bird. The surface has a fine black checkered pattern, accomplished by unknown means. Under a microscope it appears as if a fine metallic mesh was applied into the horn.
The ferrule appears to be made of a copper-nickel alloy known as báitóng in Chinese. It was a prized and widely traded material in Asia that was chiefly mined in Yunnan before Europeans managed to produce the alloy in the 18th century.
This dagger is of an extremely rare type, and I have found only one comparable piece in a museum collection. It came from the Harry Charles Purvis Bell collection, a British civil servant in Ceylon and was obtained by the Colombo National Museum in 1938 where it is retained under accession number 38-727-77. The museum records it as “Malay Kris knife” which is certainly a mistake, as the designs are very much Sinhalese.1
The kirichchiya in the Colombo National Museum, accession number 38-727-77.
In their book, De Silva & Vikramasiṃha present the name of this type of dagger, but do not mention the source of the name and state that they have not found any other reference examples.2
Another example was sold by Wallis & Wallis on March 18, 2019, lot 13.
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Rarely seen today, a commoner's example with carved, bone hilt.
A beautiful black coral hilted example, made in the King's workshops.
Of the chopper variety, with a finely carved ivory hilt.
Of nice quality, with unusual openwork silver bolster with serapendiya.
Signed Hirado Ju Kunishige