Language: Acehnese
Source: Period accounts


The rencong is a typical Acehnese type of thrusting dagger that was often worn together with the sikin panjiang. They feature a narrow, pointy blade and a bulbous hilt, often with a long protrusion in the direction of the blade's spine.1

It is found under various names in old accounts, including rentjong, reuntjōng, rintjōng and rintjoeng.

A rencong dagger from Aceh

A typical Acehnese rencong.
Listed at Mandarin Mansion in 2021.


Fischer, writing in 1912, distinguished three main types:

Rencong blade types drawing


Type A: With a smooth blade

Type B: With a faint sunken section

Type C: With a clearly defined fuller 


High quality ornate rencong with golden crowns were part of Acehnese state regalia, presented to local rulers and nobility by the sultan.


Notes to description
1. G. Bisseling & P. Vermeiren; Rentjongs. Tweede Uitgave. Musket, Antwerpen. 1988.
2. H.W. Fischer; Catalogus van 's Rijks Ethnographisch Museum. Deel VI. Atjėh, Gajō- en Alaslanden. Sumatra I. E.J. Brill, Leiden. 1912. Page 141.

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A peculiar form of dagger found on the northern part of the island of Sumatra.


A sikin panjang with a triple golden crown.


With pierced mounts and velvet-covered scabbard.


Its scabbard with 12 pockets, with 10 of the items remaining.


With finely carved horn hilt, silver mounts and reshaped European blade.


Of Chinese manufacture, traded widely and used gainst the Dutch during the Aceh Wars in 1873–1904.