Language: Dzongkha

The dozum is a short dagger with a blade that gradually narrows to an acute point. It is worn as part of a Bhutanese man's attire up to today.

They are customarily worn horizontally in front of the belly, rolled into the traditional garb, unseen, or separately carried on the left side, rolled in fabric with the pommel exposed.


Dozum as worn by the guards of Ugyen Wangchuck

Some of the guards of Ugyen Wangchuck, first king of Bhutan, with the pommels of their dozum exposed.
Lower left: A typical high-end Bhutanese gilt openwork pommel of the style these men wear.


Most are a fairly simple utility knives, but those worn by the upper class are works of art with elaborate gilt pommels with complex openwork.




Bhutanese dozum dagger

A top quality Bhutanese knife, or dozum


(Due to several dialects and transliteration systems, dozum are alternatively referred to as: dossumdoo zumdro zom or dudzom.)

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With triple grooves and in heavy silver mountings.


With a hidden compartment for a small utility knife.


With narrow blade and all brass mounts.


Of jambiya form, with pattern welded blade and fine silver scabbard mounts.


It was collected by Laurens Langewis, an early 20th-century ethnographer and author.


With iron ferrule and copper and silver overlaid blade.