Language: Manchu
Source: Classical literature

Description

The Agūrai Hiya or "Leopard Tail Lance Bodyguards" were sort of an honor guard that served very close to the emperor. The men were selected from war heroes and descendants of war heroes of the Upper Three Banners.1

During processions, they would carry a lance with a leopard's tail attached to it.

Chinese: Bàowěi Bān Shìwèi (豹尾班侍衛)

Guards
Leopard Tail Imperial Bodyguards with their leopard tail spears,
escorting the Qianlong emperorduring the Grand Review of the Troops.

The Leopard Tail Imperial Bodyguards were part of the Clansmen Corps of the Imperial Bodyguard, Zōngshì Shìwèi (宗室侍衛) or Sān Qí Zōngshì Shìwèi (三旗宗室侍衛) in Chinese.

The Clansmen Corps of the Imperial Bodyguard consisted of:

  • 150 Sān Qí Shìwèi (三旗侍衛).
    •  9 of which are First Class, Yī Děng (一等)
    •  18 of which are Second Class, Èr Děng (二等)
    •  63 of which are Third Class, Sān Děng (三等) and Fourth Class,  Děng (四等)

      (Of the above, indefinite numbers are selected as Guards of the Antechamber, Yùqián Shìwèi (御前侍衛) and Guards of the Qianqing Gate, Qiánqīngmén Shìwèi (前清門侍衛)).
       
  •  60 Imperial Bodyguards wearing the Leopard's tail, Bàowěi Bān Shìwèi (豹尾班侍衛)

Notes
1. Aisin Gioro Jaoliyan; Xiào Tíng Zá Lù (啸亭杂录), chapter 4.
2. H.S. Brunnert and V.V. Hagelstrom; Present Day Political Organization of China. Published in 1911. Pages 25-27.

Do you have anything for sale?

I might be interested in buying it.

Contact me

A rather well-made example of its type.

€1500,-

Of a type also issued to the Qing Vanguard.

€475,-

With good, layered blade, mounted in forged iron mounts.

€1800,-

A bronze processional piece with reign marks attributing it to the year 1864.

€2800,-

Such rings were worn by Qing dynasty "bannermen" as a sign of their status as a conquest elite.

€600,-

A Chinese sword guard from the 18th century with a Buddhist mantra in lantsa script.

€800,-
ARTICLE
Qing bow glossary
A glossary of terminology regarding the Manchu style bow that was i...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Qing dynasty saber mounts, fangshi & yuanshi
Among sabers of the Qing dynasty, we encounter two basic types of m...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Jianruiying (2); weapons and equipment
The Jianruiying was an elite division of the Qing dynasty military ...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Measurements of a Qing war arrow
The standard military arrow of the Qing empire in numbers.
Read the article