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Qing military saber with Manchu label logo

The saber of Manchu Wu Songlu

A standard pattern Qing military saber, but with the rare addition of a label in Manchu.
Qing dynasty dadao logo

A large Qing dàdāo

Large and heavy example with the notable Umlauff provenance.
Garlic bulb mace logo

Chinese garlic mace

Called suàntóu gǔduǒ in Mandarin, with characteristic brass head.
Jun Huo Ju Shuangshoudao logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú-made shuāng shǒudāo

Produced in the ordnance factory in Zengbu, near Guangzhou.
Ordinance Bureau logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú (軍火局)

Name of a Chinese arms factory just east of Guangzhou, active 1875 onwards.
Jun Huo Ju saber logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú-made saber

Produced in the ordnance factory in Zengbu, near Guangzhou.
Medium length Chinese straightsword jian logo

Chinese medium size jian

A heavy piece with a substantial blade, with smooth bronze mounts.
Chinese báitóng whip

Chinese báitóng whip

A Chinese traditional hidden striking weapon, this time executed in the "white copper" alloy.
A Chinese executioners sword logo

A Chinese headman's sword

Of rare form with short but very heavy double-edged blade.
Long spear manufacture logo

Construction of the Qing dynasty long spear

From an 1812 text regarding the manufacture of Qing military equipment.
19th century Qing fangshi peidao logo

Qing fangshi soldier's saber

A rare surviving example of the simple military version of this style.
Antique Chinese spearhead logo

Antique Chinese spearhead 3

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Antique Chinese spearhead logo

Antique Chinese spearhead 2

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Antique Chinese spearhead

Antique Chinese spearhead

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Western Chinese dao logo

An unusual minority dao

The wide blade with clipped tip mounted on a riveted wooden grip.
Bow making quarters logo

Gōng jiàng yíng (弓匠營)

The bow and arrow maker's quarters in Beijing.
Yang Ruilin

Yáng Ruìlín (杨瑞林)

A Manchu bow maker. Owned Jù Yuán Hào (聚元號).
Qing bowcase and quiver

Iron mounted Qing bowcase & quiver

With iron mounts with golden overlay of dragons.
Jian guard logo

Hūshǒu (護手)

Chinese for the handguard of a weapon.
Chinese pierced sword guard logo

Qing openwork saber guard

A very rare Chinese saber guard dating from the height of the Qing dynasty.
Qing om a hum mantra saber guard

Chinese hùshǒu with lantsa script

A Chinese sword guard from the 18th century with a Buddhist mantra in lantsa script.
Malachite Manchu thumb ring logo

Malachite Manchu archer's ring

Such rings were worn by Qing dynasty "bannermen" as a sign of their status as a conquest elite.
Chinese - Vietnamese fighting knife

Heavy Sino-Vietnamese dagger

With a very thick and heavy blade and nicely worked brass mounts.
Late Qing jian logo

A fine late Qing jian

A step above the norm in quality for this period, with nicely pierced mounts.
Cantonese saber logo

Cantonese saber

With brass mounts and ray skin covered scabbard.
A southern dao logo

Southern Chinese saber

Of typical southern form with a very slender, pointy blade.
Niuweidao logo

An early form niúwěidāo

With good, layered blade, mounted in forged iron mounts.
Bowstring knot logo

Xián gé dā (弦挌搭)

Chinese term for the knot in a bowstring.
Qing bowstring logo

Gōng xián (弓弦)

Chinese term for the bowstring.
Gong mian logo

Gōng miàn (弓面)

Chinese term for the face of a bow, usually made of buffalo horn.
Birch bark logo

Huà huà pí (畫樺皮)

Chinese term for the "painted birch bark" often covering composite bows.
Bow brain logo

Gōng nǎo (弓腦)

Chinese term for the "knee" of a composite bow.
String bridge logo

Gōng diànzi (弓墊子)

Chinese term for the string bridge on some types of composite bows.
Qing bow notch logo

Kòuzi (扣子)

Chinese term for the string notch on each bow tip.
Qing bow tip

Shāo tóu (弰頭)

Chinese term for the tips on either end of a bow.
Arrow slipping spot logo

Jiàn liūzi (箭溜子)

Chinese term for the spot on the bow where the arrow slips by.
Loukong Chinese openwork

Lòukōng (鏤空)

Chinese term for openwork.
Chinese bow ear logo

Gōng shāo (弓弰)

Chinese term for "bow ear".
Strength bow

Wǔkē gōng (武科弓)

Chinese term for heavy bows, often used for strength testing and training.
Strength testing bow logo

A Qing strength bow

A very heavy Manchu bow used for strength training and military examinations.
Deconstructed Qing bow logo

A deconstructed Qing bow

For the bowyers, a set of parts of an authentic 19th century Qing bow.
Qing folding bow logo

Qing folding bow

A short-eared composite bow with an iron hinge in the handle so it folds upon itself.
Bow grip

Gōngbà bǎngzi (弓弝膀子)

Chinese term for the sides of the bow grip.
Bow grip

Gōngbà (弓弝)

Chinese term for "bow grip".
Bow logo

Qing bow glossary

A glossary of terminology regarding the Manchu style bow that was in common use during the Qing dynasty.
Qing rank badge

Bŭzi (補子)

Chinese for a ranking badge worn by civil and military officials
Qing military rank badge

Qing military rank badge

Depicting the golden cat, representing the 6th military rank.
Chinese pole arm logo

Qing piandao polearm

Of a style that fell out of use with the fall of the Qing.
Late Qing jian

Late Qing jian

A typical example, complete with lacquered scabbard.
Qing militia jian

Seven stars militia jian

A short, stout Chinese straightsword of a type used by village defenses across the empire.