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Jinchuan Fanjian logo

Jīnchuān shortsword

Jinchuan aborigines sword, the Qianlong emperor's name for this type of sword.
Yazi tunkou logo

Tūnkǒu (吞口)

Literally "swallowing mouth", a collar piece often found on Chinese blades.
Podao logo

Pōdāo with dragon tūnkǒu

With a large iron guard and hard wooden shaft.
Chinese crescent moon maces logo

Chinese crescent tipped maces

A highly unusual set of paired maces with crescent tips.
Garlic bulb mace logo

Chinese garlic mace

Called suàntóu gǔduǒ in Mandarin, with characteristic brass head.
Chinese garlic head mace logo

Suàntóu gūduǒ (蒜頭骨朵)

Literally "garlic mace", the name of a mace with a bulbous head.
Jun Huo Ju Shuangshoudao logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú-made shuāng shǒudāo

Produced in the ordnance factory in Zengbu, near Guangzhou.
Ordinance Bureau logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú (軍火局)

Name of a Chinese arms factory just east of Guangzhou, active 1875 onwards.
Jun Huo Ju saber logo

Jūn Huǒ Jú-made saber

Produced in the ordnance factory in Zengbu, near Guangzhou.
Medium length Chinese straightsword jian logo

Chinese medium size jian

A heavy piece with a substantial blade, with smooth bronze mounts.
Chinese double swords with hook

Double shortswords with belt hook

A classic set of Chinese double swords, complete with suspension and hook.
Kuiwen shuang duanjian logo

Chinese paired shortswords

Cantonese double swords with archaic dragon design mounts.
Duanjian logo

Duǎnjiàn (短劍)

The Chinese word for a short straightsword.
Early duanjian logo

Early Chinese shortsword

A classic duanjian, but of somewhat earlier manufacture than most.
Carved scabbard shuangjian logo

Shuāngjiàn with carved scabbard

A paired jian of fushou type, with carved hardwood scabbard.
Compass rose guard logo

Cast iron compass rose guard

A peculiar cast iron sword guard, probably from the South China Seas area.
Unusual Chinese saber with figure head pommel logo

Unusual Chinese saber

Built around an imported blade, with a human head shaped pommel.
Qianlong's Jinchuan dagger logo

The Qianlong emperor's dagger from Jinchuan

In this article, we will zoom into a shortsword or dagger that was obtained from the Jinchuan campaigns of 1747-1749 and 1771-1776.
Studded Kham dagger logo

Fine Tibetan gem studded dagger

A very rare type of dagger that originates from the borderlands of Eastern Tibet and Sichuan.
Longquan logo

Lóngquán (龍泉)

A town in Zhejiang province, China, known as a sword making center.
Yunnan Dai dagger

A fine Yunnan Dai dagger

With characteristic bulb pommel and silver plating on hilt and scabbard.
Bagua logo

Bāguà (八卦) "Eight Trigrams"

Chinese meaning "Eight Trigrams", representing the fundamental principles of our world.
S-shaped Chinese spearhead

Wavy Chinese spearhead

Of a rarer form, often used for ceremonial pole-arms.
Hudiedao with Tongsheng marking

Signed húdiédāo set

Of military style with long, narrow blades and ribbed hardwood grips.
Daoist shuangjian

Lóngquán Daoist shuāngjiàn

A very good set of Daoist straightswords in a single scabbard. There is a lot to see here, but I will start with the blades.
Chinese báitóng whip

Chinese báitóng whip

A Chinese traditional hidden striking weapon, this time executed in the "white copper" alloy.
A Chinese executioners sword logo

A Chinese headman's sword

Of rare form with short but very heavy double-edged blade.
Long spear manufacture logo

Construction of the Qing dynasty long spear

From an 1812 text regarding the manufacture of Qing military equipment.
19th century Qing fangshi peidao logo

Qing fangshi soldier's saber

A rare surviving example of the simple military version of this style.
Pierced iron saddle logo

Pierced iron saddle

Executed in the Tibetan style, exhibiting dragons in foliage chasing flaming jewels.
Antique Chinese spearhead logo

Antique Chinese spearhead 3

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Antique Chinese spearhead logo

Antique Chinese spearhead 2

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Antique Chinese spearhead

Antique Chinese spearhead

Of classic shape, with a leaf-shaped blade on a socket, connected by a cast bronze base.
Tongzhou incident dadao logo

Tongzhou incident 29th army dàdāo

With markings attributing it to the Tongzhou incident and a Japanese surrender tag.
Ju Yuan Hao bow by Yang Wentong

Bow by Yang Wentong

One of the last bows by Yang Wentong, father of Yang Fuxi.
Weight & balance logo

On weight and balance

In researching antique arms -or any kind of material culture for that matter- it is of paramount importance to actually feel and handle pieces.
Hudiedao logo

Very good hudiedao set

With fine carved hilts, substantial bronze D-guards, and subtle signs of heat treatment on the blades.
Western Chinese dao logo

An unusual minority dao

The wide blade with clipped tip mounted on a riveted wooden grip.
Ju Yuan Hao target arrow logo

Chinese target arrow

With snake skin nock. Probably made by Ju Yuan Hao in the 1950s.
Bow making quarters logo

Gōng jiàng yíng (弓匠營)

The bow and arrow maker's quarters in Beijing.
Yang Fuxi logo

Yáng Fúxǐ (杨福喜)

Manchu bow maker of the Jù Yuán Hào (聚元號) shop, Beijing. Active 1998-present.
Yang Wentong Logo

Yáng Wéntōng (杨文通)

A 20th-century Manchu bow maker of the Jù Yuán Hào (聚元號) shop, Beijing.
Yang Ruilin

Yáng Ruìlín (杨瑞林)

A Manchu bow maker. Owned Jù Yuán Hào (聚元號).
Ju Yuan Hao logo

Jù Yuán Hào (聚元號)

A famous bow making shop in Beijing, still active.
Yang Wentong bow logo

Bow by Ju Yuan Hao of Beijing

Made by the last operational bowyer of China, probably for the Mongolian market.
Wodao logo

Wōdāo (倭刀 / 窩刀)

Chinese term for a Japanese sword, or a large saber with strong Japanese influence.
Qing miaodao logo

Miáodāo (苗刀)

Chinese name for a slender, curved saber. Often associated with large two-handers.
Qing bowcase and quiver

Iron mounted Qing bowcase & quiver

With iron mounts with golden overlay of dragons.
Baojian logo

Bàojiàn (骲箭)

Chinese name for a class of arrows with a large, non-ferrous head. Many are whistles, some are blunts.
Liudaomu logo

Liùdàomù (六道木)

Chinese name for a strong and heavy wood used for staffs and arrow shafts.