1. Global overview

The following list is an overview of Chinese bow terminology as found in the Wuti Qingwen Jian (五體清文鑑) or "Five languages compendium", a Qing imperial dictionary in Manchu, Mongolian, Uighur, Tibetan, and Chinese of circa 1790. Published under the Qianlong emperor.

 

Qing bow glossary

#
 

English
 

Chinese
 

Pinyin transliteration
 

  Bow Gōng
1. Bow grip 弓弝 Gōngbà
2. Sides of bow grip 弓弝膀子 Gōng bà bǎngzi
3. Arrow slipping spot 箭溜子 Jiàn liūzi
4. Bow ear 弓弰 Gōng shāo
5. Tip 弰頭 Shāo tóu
6. String notch 扣子 Kòuzi
7. String bridge 弓墊子 Gōng diànzi
8. Bow knee (lit. "brain") 弓腦 Gōng nǎo
9. Painted birch bark 畫樺皮 Huà huà pí
10. Bow face 弓面 Gōng miàn
11. Bowstring 弓弦 Gōng xián
12. Bowstring knot 弦挌搭 Xián gé dā

 

2. Qing bow anatomy

Qing bow in parts

 

#
 

English
 

Chinese
 

Pinyin transliteration
 

1. Bow core 弓胎 Gōng tāi
2. Bow core two bodies 弓胎兩身 Gōng tāi liǎng shēn
3. Bow ear male tenon 弓弰挿口 Gōng shāo chākǒu
4. Bow ear female tenon     弓弰挿口凹處 Gōng shāo chākǒu āo chù
5. Sinew Jīn

 

 

 

Do you have anything for sale?

I might be interested in buying it.

Contact me

Made in the Four Workshops of the King of Kandy.

€3300,-

Used in a target archery sport that was originally practiced in the Keraton.

€1200,-

Of the Western Buryats, living near the shores of Lake Baikal.

€5500,-

A very rare example of a type of all-leather tube quiver

€4000,-

Of an early type with dramatic widened shape.

€3800,-

A rather well-made example of its type.

€1500,-
ARTICLE
Jianruiying (1); introduction
The Jianruiying were a small elite unit of specially selected Manch...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Markings on Chinese swords
Most markings are found on military edged weapons, usually in the f...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Measurements of an Ottoman bow
Signatures on the bow indicate that it was probably made in 1849 an...
Read the article
ARTICLE
Glossary of Chinese saber terminology
An overview of Chinese saber terminology as found in Chinese texts....
Read the article