Korean ceremonial saber | Mandarin Mansion

Korean ceremonial saber

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

Introduction:
Antique Korean arms of any kind are incredibly rare, both on today's market as in museum collections. This is believed to be firstly due to rigorous disarmament under Japanese occupation, and second because the culture had a general disdain for martial matters to begin with, and thus did not treasure their arms like many other cultures did.

This high degree of focus on the civil aspect of culture, and the disdain for martial affairs is also reflected in the size of ceremonial weapons in Korea. Korean ceremonial bow cases and quivers are so small that they do not even fit the already quite small -but extremely refined and efficient- Korean composite bow. They were made to carry a much smaller, purely ceremonial bow. The same goes for court sabers worn by military officials, which are usually short and rather toy-like.


This example

Overall sheathed: 74 cm
Saber length: 63.5 cm
Blade length: 44.4 cm
Blade thickness: Base ahead of collar: 5mm, middle 4.5mm, tip 4mm
Blade width: Base ahead of collar: 22.5mm, middle 20.5mm, 18mm
Weight: 385 grams (not counting the tassel)

Origin: Korea
Materials: Copper, brass, wood, ray-skin, lacquer, silk, gold, steel.
Dating: Late Joseon period. Probably 19th century.



Description
A short Korean ceremonial saber. This general style of saber is referred to as hwando (환도), but this particular type is sometimes referred to as byeolungeom), a "sword used by king’s guard officials".1

The blade of wedge shaped cross-section with single narrow groove on each side. The tip is clipped, like the Chinese yànchìdāo or "goose wing saber". This is the first time I see this on a Korean piece. I checked surfaces and tools marks and it really does look original to the piece. The blade is thick and stiff for one of these, with actually some weight in it. Not not toy-quality like others I’ve had.

The collar piece is of gilt copper, overall shaped like a Japanese habaki but with cutouts more commonly seen on Chinese tunkou.

The mounts are all well-made, of copper-alloy that was blackened with acid. It looks a little like Japanese shakudo. The pommel has an interesting abstract design on the back. Handle wrapped with brown silk over ray-skin, and a hole for the long tassel which was once probably completely purple, now partially faded.

The ray-skin scabbard is well made and in excellent condition, with no losses to the ray-skin whatsoever. It is partially lacquered black, there are some minor losses to the lacquer.

All in original, “as found” condition. No recent repairs.



Conclusion
A nice complete example of a Korean ceremonial saber with minimal losses, and no recent repairs.

SOLD



Interested? Questions?
Contact peter@mandarinmansion.com

Notes
1. See: Title: History of Steel in Eastern Asia: A view on the development of weaponry / Historia do Aco na Asia Oriental: Uma visao do desenvolvimento da armaria, Musee de arte de Macau, Macau, 2007. Also available online, see their Korean Sword List

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom

A Korean ceremonial short saber, also known as byeolungeom


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